AZERBAIJAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES
TIMSS INTERNATIONAL ASSESSMENT AS A TOOL IN DETERMINING EDUCATION POLICY

International educational assessment programs provide an opportunity
to obtain information about the educational process in the country, to
study important problems that need to be addressed, and to compare
the results with international experience by assessing the quality of
education. One of these international assessment programs is the
TIMSS (Trends in Mathematics and Science Studies) assessment. The
article discusses how international assessments are used in the national
education system, and the importance of evidence-based policy
by identifying the factors that affect the students’ preparation, achievement
and quality in different age groups in different subjects. It is
noted that TIMSS plays an important role in shaping the education
policy of countries, allows to compare the quality of education with
other countries on many factors, helps to achieve the goal in the field
of education. TIMSS uses countries' curricula as a basic concept that
examines how students are given educational opportunities and the
factors that influence how they use those opportunities. TIMSS looks
at the curriculum from three aspects: the intended curriculum, the
applied curriculum, and the implemented curriculum. The article explains
each of them.

Keywords: TIMSS 2019, international assessment, mathematics results, science results, curriculum, sustainable development goals.

Azerbaijan Journal of Educational Studies is an academic journal founded by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The journal publishes original articles in the following areas of research: education management; educational philosophy and educational theory; education policy; curriculum; educational technologies; pedagogy; sociology of education; history of education; special education; teacher training; assessment, etc. The journal also includes reviews of books on education published in local and foreign publications.
The journal is among the publications recommended by the Supreme Attestation Commission under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

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