The analysis of TIMSS 2019 results of Azerbaijan in Terms of content domains

The growing competitiveness in the world, the impact of technology
and knowledge-based fields on socio-economic development and
people`s welfare increase the importance of education. Especially, it
is predicted that the usage of digital technologies in different areas of
life will increase. As a result, accelerate science and information-based
fields will accelerate. Taking into consideration all these processes,
education systems try to adapt either content and standards or
teaching methods to meet labor market demand. Mathematics and
science play an important role in people`s life nowadays. Therefore,
it is needed to assess teaching major fields in science as well as
students` knowledge constantly. Both national and international level
student assessments help to eliminate existing problems. Additionally,
these kinds of assessments lead to improve content and methods of
teaching. Azerbaijan participates in several international student
assessment studies and TIMSS (Trends in International Maths and
Science Study) is one of them. The results of TIMSS 2019 were
released in December 2020. It was the second time and 5300 students
participated in TIMSS. Our results deserve attention and discussion.
Why do our students increase their Math scores (515 points) in
comparison with the previous study and get higher than the
international average, however they still get lower scores in science?
Overall 427 points. Even lower than the previous study? We will try to
answer this question in terms of content.

Keywords: Math, science, student assessments, content, TIMSS.

Azerbaijan Journal of Educational Studies is an academic journal founded by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The journal publishes original articles in the following areas of research: education management; educational philosophy and educational theory; education policy; curriculum; educational technologies; pedagogy; sociology of education; history of education; special education; teacher training; assessment, etc. The journal also includes reviews of books on education published in local and foreign publications.
The journal is among the publications recommended by the Supreme Attestation Commission under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.