The article is devoted to the issues of teaching world literature in
secondary schools in the context of modern challenges in the world
and the main aspects of education brought by these challenges. Here,
the importance of world literature in the formation of students'
planetary thinking in the teaching process is analyzed. The
progressive role of these examples in the formation of students' logical,
critical and creative thinking, teaching selected examples from world
literature, the formation of cognitive and communication skills is
emphasized. The study notes that the formation of national and human
ideas, the development of personality in students is one of the main
requirements of modern subject programs. The establishment of
parallels between national and world literature is of great scientific
and methodological importance in order to achieve such goals as the
formation of a planetary image of the growing generation, the
inculcation of ideas and ideas about the unity of the world.